cities in Saudi Arabia

Major Cities in Saudi Arabia

You are interested in knowing about the cities in Saudi Arabia. Well, but do you know that It is the biggest country by land in the middle east? It’s basically an Asian country existing on the western side of Asia. The only country with both Red Sea Gulf and the Persian Gulf contains most of the land in the form of dessert. It has a rich history, especially with the Islamic point of view. Saudi Arabia has another exclusivity of being the second-largest oil producer in the whole world while being the largest one to export it.

Cities in Saudi Arabia

The different cities of Saudi Arabia have different hallmarks and features. We are going to discuss all of them with detail below. So you can find all major cities in Saudi Arabia here.


Riyadh is the largest as well as the capital city of Saudi Arab. The city is of urban nature with dense population and is kept on the top of the list of cities in Saudi Arabia. The word Riyadh is derived from an Arabic word with meaning “garden of meadows”. This city has a uniqueness of developing and progressing from a small village to a well-developed city in a very short period of time. It started developing in the 17th century as a small village and became one of the highly progressed cities in the middle east, in the 20th century. The view of the city from above in the sky seems remarkable, like that of a blooming flower in the middle of darkness as the lights of shore in the middle of meadows glow brightly. Talking about the climate, it’s normally hottest in the day and cools in the night like that of any desert. Riyadh’s land is also distinctively fertile for cultivation as compared to other cities of Saudi Arab.


Life around the city is mostly busy and full of hustle dense with markets, shopping centers, streets, offices, industries, educational institutes, luxury hotels, and food places, etc. Being a highly populated city with Muslims, it’s culture includes social norms of being sex-segregated and most of the recreational activities include family gatherings, while public gatherings involve mostly males. The inhabitants give utmost importance to religious activities which makes it full of mosques.

Riyadh is also rich in cultural and heritage point of view. There is a festival called “Al-Janadiriyyah” is held in Riyadh every year. It’s a cultural festival and the biggest one in the whole Arab world. The festival includes poetry sessions, panel debates, intellectual forums, food, music, art display, shopping and much more. There are also many historical sites to be seen in Riyadh including Masmak citadel, Ad, Diriyah and Riyadh national museum. Riyadh was also given the title of ‘cultural capital” by UNESCO in 2000. When you arrange a list of cities in Saudi Arabia, you can’t miss this amazing city.


Jeddah is another important city for Saudi Arab. It is attached to the red seaport, which makes it the biggest trade center in KSA as well as city geographically. Jeddah is the largest city by population in Saudi Arab. The modernization occurred rapidly after World War II. The most remarkable one was the creation of the biggest petroleum plant in the world.

In early times, the city’s economy was dependent on fishing, farming, and cattle, while these days Jeddah adds most to the economy of Saudi Arab through trade and oil production. The city is also significant by having Gold mines. All of these factors make the city economically powerful making most of the people to adhere towards itself for inhabitation and employment. People from all around the world also come in large amount for this purpose.


You must visit Jeddah if you are interested in the cities in Saudi Arabia. The history of this beautiful city makes it distinctive because of the fact, that in early times many people, from all around the world visiting for religious or other purposes, landed first here. The development of Saudi Arabia mainly started on this piece of land, making it a gateway. As there are two highways leading towards Makkah and Medina (cities with religious hallmarks), a great number of Muslims traveling from all over the world to Saudi Arab for Hajj, the first land in Jeddah. The climate of Jeddah is moderate due to the presence of seashore. Airports in Saudi Arabia

The city is well developed and contains a lot of educational institutes and health centers. The infrastructure is strong due to its strong modernization and economical rate. There are also many recreational spots, restaurants, hotels, malls, bazaars, beach and much more. The important and worth seeing historical sites include museums, El Salam palace with the biggest fountain in the world, and interesting monuments. Due to the presence of a lot of monuments, it was once called “the city of statues”. The Tomb of eve also existed in Jeddah which was then destroyed by the Saudi government. Nasif and Sharbatly mansions are also one of the most beautiful architectural spots to be seen in Jeddah.


Makkah is the main city in the cities in Saudi Arabia with a religious point of view. It is the holiest city for every one of the Muslims around the world with a populace assessed to be between 1.5-2 million which augmented to 4.5 million during the Hajj season. It has Kaaba which is the holiest sanctum in Islam, similarly, it is set up as the Kibla in Quran where all of the Muslims are facilitated to go towards to for their step by step petitions.


Reliably Muslims from wherever all through the world gather at Makkah to endeavor the hajj, considered as a real duty which must be finished once in their lives if they can. It holds an interesting spot in a critical string of history. In both out of date greek and Islamic history, the production of Makkah is identified with the making of Kaaba. As per the Islamic history, Kaaba was worked by Hazrat Ibrahim. Umrah Visa Requirements

Well of Zamzam is organized in the Masjid al-Haram in Makkah whose water is the absolute best and it is seen that from 4000 years, the well is giving water constantly which itself is an extraordinary event. It is the little appeal room inside the Mecca’s Royal Clock Tower holding up and is also considered as the closest supplication room from Kaaba. Makkah has the world’s greatest robotized squander vehicle arrange. Waste is moved from 318 social event centers to a Central Utility Complex outside the city, through 30 km of underground pipeline.


With a massed population of 1,271,800, Medina is also the most important city among the cities in Saudi Arabia. It is normally insinuated as the “Splendid City” and is found in the Hejaz. Al-Masjid a Nabawi has unbelievable religious criticalness since it is the internment spot of Prophet Muhammad PBUH. Medina city comes next after Makkah. It is discovered 200miles north of Mecca and 118 miles from the red sea and arranged on Hejaz’s most extravagant district.


Medina is the capital of the Al-Madinah Region in Saudi Arabia. It is one of the two most heavenly urban areas for Muslims, other being Makkah. At the focal point of the city is Masjid e Nabwi, otherwise called “Mosque of the heavenly prophet”, where the Islamic prophet Muhammad S.A.W is covered and is a noteworthy Islamic site for the journey and something else. Likewise, two increasingly significant mosques in Islamic history are additionally situated in Madina which are Quba Mosque and Masjid al-Qiblatayn (The mosque of the two Qiblas). Medina has an enormous history even before the landing of prophet Muhammad S.A.W.

At first, Medina was involved by three noteworthy clans named the Banu Qaynuqa, the Banu Qurayza, and Banu Nadir and later it was governed by two clans named Banu Aus and Banu Khazraj which touched base from Yemen which later transformed into significant adversaries and took on real conflicts before the entry of Prophet Muhammad S.A.W. Prophet Muhammad moved to Madina which is otherwise called Hijra (relocation to Medina) in 622. He was welcome to Medina by city pioneers to settle on the debates between these clans. For this reason, the tranquil occupants held gathering with Muhammad in a spot among Makkah and Medina, called Al Aqaba welcoming him and his couple of supporters around then to rehearse its confidence unreservedly. Check Saudi Visa Status

Like Makkah, the city of Medina just enables Muslims to enter, regardless of the way that the haram (region shut to non-Muslims) of Medina is much humbler than that of Mecca, with the result that various workplaces on the edges of Medina are accessible to non-Muslims, however in Mecca the zone shut to non-Muslims widens well past the limits of the created area. The two urban territories’ different mosques are the objective for colossal amounts of Muslims on their ‘Umrah (second venture after Hajj).


Dammam is another city touching the Persian Gulf included in the major cities in Saudi Arabia. A lot of oil reserves has been discovered and is called an industrial hub. Many industrial plants have been set here. Another important aspect is that other than being a commercial and industrial hub, it is also rich in agricultural land and dairy. It lies on the eastern side of the country and compared to the rest of the cities has some green land as well other than sand and deserts. The inhabitation here started with the discovery of oil reserves and natural gas.


Most of the development of Dammam started in 1940 giving it striking transformation and modernization. Dammam constitutes of many beautiful beaches and fishing spots. Many tourists are attracted to this beautiful city of Saudi Arab. Other than foreign tourists, it is also one of the most admired city for local people of Saudi Arab.


Buraydah is purely an agricultural city of Saudi Arab. In early times, it was also the main center for export and trade of horses and camels which gave rise to the famous rivalry of “Unayzah to the south”. It lies in the north-central region of the state.  Buraydah is famous for its production of tastiest dates, grapes, lemons, oranges groves, and many other fruits. There is a number of experimental farms for dairy, cattle, and sheep. This city is not much famous for modernization and has a conservative and strict culture, specifically for women.



Tabuk also is known as the oasis city, lies in the northwestern region of Saudi Arab. It is famous for its dense date palms. Tabuk is also an industrial city making it metropolitan in nature. Tabuk is known for having some famous species of birds which includes Tristram’s Stratlings, White-spectacled Bulbuls, Palestinian Sunbird, Southern Grey Shrike, and Desert Lark.

Tabuk is rich in most outstanding historical and architectural sites. First of them is Turkish Fort built in the course of Ottoman Sultan Sulaiman Al-Qanoni era during the years 1520 and 1566. The fort is a great attraction for many tourists. Second of them is “The birds of gardens” and the third one is “The Park of Prince Fahad Bin Sultan”.



Khobar also has importance in the cities of Saudi Arabia. It is placed on the Persian Gulf in the eastern district of Saudi Arab. It is known to be the third biggest business city of Saudi Arab. Khobar, Dammam and Dharan out and out are known as ‘triplet urban areas” for being the most noteworthy metropolitan ones in entire of the nation. Aside from that Khobar is the fifth biggest city of Saudi Arab.

The world’s greatest oil organization “Saudi Aramco” is likewise arranged in Khobar. Notwithstanding that there are likewise numerous other enormous organizations situated in this piece of Saudi Arabia. In early occasions, it has been the focal spot for shippers and businesspeople. Be that as it may, nowadays it has turned into an exceptionally built city having high rises, shopping centers, and numerous roads. Every one of these components makes it thickly populated also. The principle attractions for sightseers incorporate Corniche, Half moon shoreline, SciTech, Golden belt and considerably more.



Dhahran stands in the major cities in Saudi Arabia because of its oil. It is arranged near the main site of the oil find in Saudi Arab. The city contains oil extraction and movement work environments counterbalancing plants, and a worldwide air terminal and rail association with Riyadh and al-dammām in 1963 government amassed ruler Fahad school of oil and minerals was developed.

There are a few striking spots of enthusiasm for Dhahran City including KFUPM clock tower also as Saudi Aramco’s Al-Midra Tower and King Abdulaziz Center for World Culture. Regardless, the tallest structure in Dhahran is Al-AbdelKareem Tower, where the neighboring Al-Othman twin towers come as second tallest, all orchestrated at Al-Qashlah area in the northeast of the city going toward Al-Khobar.



Al-Jubail is also placed on the eastern area of the state close to the Persian Gulf. In the same way as other different urban areas of Saudi Arabia, its economy is subject to ventures. It has the biggest petrochemical organization SABIC, in the entire center east. This organization is additionally known to be the fourth biggest in entire world. The city is likewise taking care of the world’s biggest IWPP (Independent Water and Power Project). The city is all around developed with incredible and exceptionally dynamic methods for transportation.

Al-Jubail additionally has two major ocean ports through which powerful exchange is finished. Jubail has a solid business focus, known as International Market. It moreover has a couple of strip malls, for instance, the Giant Store, Fanateer Mall, Galleria Mall, Jubail Center Mall, City Max, Hyper-Panda, Panda, Hyper Market, Jubail Center, Home Center, Red Tag, Centrepoint, Nesto, Jubail Plaza, Lulu and Jubail Mall. As a segment of the cutting edge city, Jubail has a desalination plant called Saline Water Conversion Corp. (SWCC). In 2019, SWCC hit Guinness World Record as the greatest producer of desalinated water far and wide. The plant hit the record as it produces 5.6 million cubic meters every day.

Al Jubail


It is a desert and locale in eastern Saudi Arabia. Al-Ahsa, the greatest desert spring in Saudi Arabia, lies around 40 miles (65 km) west of the Persian Gulf. It has around 30,000 areas of land (12,000 hectares) of palm backwoods and various harvests that are overflowed by the movement of in any event 60 artesian springs. Various groupings of dates are created on the more than 3,000,000 trees in the desert spring. The desert spring’s people involves essentially proportional degrees of Sunni and Shīʿite Muslims.

The Al-Hasa region gets its name from the desert garden at its inside. The district is restricted on the north by Kuwait, on the east by the Persian Gulf, on the south by the desert Rubʿ al-Khali, or Empty Quarter, and on the west by the Dahnā sand belt. The territory’s low shoreline front strip is secluded by a thick belt of huge sand ascends from the steppe-desert of within. Most of the people are congregated in the three greatest towns in the domain, Al-Hufuf, Al-Dammam, and Al-Mubarraz. The rest of the masses is scattered through more than 50 little towns or is vagrant.

Al Ahsa


Safwa stands at the twelfth position in the list of cities in Saudi Arabia. It is additionally situated in the eastern side on the Persian Gulf. It has two or three government divisions, open utilities, informational associations, and one restorative administration’s centers. People in Safwa work in various divisions, for instance, guidance, social protection, banking, mining, oil and gas, and exchange. The city fuses one of the most dealt with neighborhoods in the eastern locale, Al-Zahra neighborhood (Urouba), which has more than 1,200 private units and a region of 336 hectares.


Friends, we have discussed the brief introduction with available history of the major cities in Saudi Arabia. For your convenience, all cities of KSA are given below alphabetically in the form of a list.

List of the Countries in Saudi Arabia

  • ABHA
  • Al-BAHAH
  • Al-HUFU
  • Al-JAWG
  • Al-KHARJ
  • Al-QATIF
  • Al-TAIF
  • ARAR
  • HAIL
  • JEDDAH        
  • YANBU                          

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